Diarrhea in small animals
Causes and treatment options for diarrheal diseases in small animals
Your dog suffers from acute (less than one week) diarrhea symptoms: mushy to watery feces (blood admixtures are also possible), increased frequency of defecation and possibly pain when defecating. There may also be additional vomiting and loss of appetite. At the same time, animals often show a trouble-free general condition.
- Consequences of diarrhea (dehydration), however, may weaken animals severely. That is why a good water supply is the most important form of treatment. If this is no longer possible due to vomiting, this may also lead to hospitalization with infusions directly into the animal’s vein.
- Since cells of intestinal mucosa are usually severely damaged in acute diarrhea, the animal’s body must renew them. Cell renewal usually takes about 5 to7 days. During this time diarrhea is still to be expected.
- There are many causes of acute diarrhea:
Most common causes:
- feed intolerance when incompatible substances are ingested
- sudden change of food (especially with puppies)
- parasites (worms, giardia, coccidia) 8 | 10
- feed-dependent enteritis (inflammation of the intestine) caused by bacterial breakdown products in the food
- infections, usually with disorders in general condition (various bacteria, parvo, rota, distemper virus,). Rare, however, in older, vaccinated dogs
- medications (antibiotics, chemotherapeutics, lactulose, cardiac drugs, some painkillers, anti-parasitics)
- adrenal hypofunction (Addison's disease)